Elsevier

Brain Development in Schizophrenia Strays from the Normal Path

Reports new study in Biological Psychiatry
Press Release

Philadelphia, PA, September 15, 2014 /3BL Media/ – Schizophrenia is generally considered to be a disorder of brain development and  shares many risk factors, both genetic and environmental, with other neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism and intellectual disability.

The normal path for brain development is determined by the combined effects of a complex network of genes and a wide range of environmental factors.

Is The Pattern Of Brain Folding A “Fingerprint” For Schizophrenia?

Findings from a new study in Biological Psychiatry
Press Release

Philadelphia, PA, September 11, 2014 /3BL Media/ – Anyone who has seen pictures or models of the human brain is aware that the outside layer, or cortex, of the brain is folded in an intricate pattern of “hills”, called gyri, and “valleys”, called sulci.

It turns out that the patterns of cortical folding are largely consistent across healthy humans, broadly speaking. However, disturbances in cortical folding patterns suggest deeper disturbances in brain structure and function.

Smartphones May Aid in Dietary Self-Monitoring

Apps could help users reliably track dietary data, reports new study in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Press Release

Philadelphia, PA, September 10, 2014 /3BL Media/ – Smartphones have seen wide adoption among Americans in recent years because of their ease of use and adaptability. With that in mind, researchers from Arizona State University examined how smartphone use affected weight loss goals and determined that smartphones may offer users an advantage over traditional methods when tracking diet data.

When Talking About Body Size, African American Women & Doctors May Be Speaking Different Languages

Research shows potential for misunderstanding between doctors and patients about a critical health issue
Press Release

Philadelphia, PA, September 10, 2014 /3BL Media/ – African American women and their female children have the highest obesity prevalence of any demographic group and are more likely to underestimate their body weight than white women. Yet, according to new research from Rush University Medical Center, cultural norms for body size may prevent awareness among many African American women about the potential health benefits they and others in their cultural group might achieve through weight loss.

Growth Factors Found in Breast Milk may Protect Against Necrotizing Enterocolitis

Studies suggest that ErbB4 receptor activation may be a novel therapeutic avenue for intestinal diseases involving epithelial cell death, according to research published in The American Journal of Pathology
Press Release

PHILADELPHIA, September 9, 2014 /3BL Media/ – Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating gastrointestinal illness affecting up to 10% of premature infants, with a 30% mortality rate, and formula feeding has been identified as a risk factor for NEC.  A study published in The American Journal of Pathology found that growth factors present in human breast milk, but not in formula, may explain the protection against intestinal damage. Further, supplementing the diet of newborn NEC-affected rodents with these growth factors promotes epithelial cell survival.

Elsevier and National Academy of Sciences, India Announce the Winners of the 2014 NASI-Scopus Young Scientist Awards

Press Release

New Delhi, September 9, 2014 /3BL Media/ – Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, and the National Academy of Sciences, India (NASI)  today announced the winners of the 2014 NASI-Scopus Young Scientist Awards.

New Paper Calls for More Infection Control Surveillance, Standardization in the Emergency Department

Press Release

Washington, DC, September 3, 2014 /3BL Media/– When researchers searched the literature to determine adherence rates for various infection prevention protocols in the emergency department (ED), they discovered both a dearth of studies reporting ED practices and a lack of standardization that rendered some studies incomparable, according to a literature review published in the September issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Ep

Risk of Diabetes in Children and Adolescents Exposed to Antipsychotics: a Nationwide 12-Year Case-Control Study

Reports new study in Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Press Release

Washington D.C., September 2, 2014 /3BL Media/ – A study published in the September 2014 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry found that children and adolescents diagnosed with a psychiatric diagnosis had an increased risk of developing diabetes if they were exposed to antipsychotics.

Soda Tax for Adolescents and Exercise for Children Best Strategies for Reducing Obesity

Twenty-year projection assessing impact of one cent per ounce excise tax on sugar-sweetened beverages, exercise, and advertising ban reported in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Press Release

Ann Arbor, MI, August 27, 2014 /3BL Media/ — Childhood obesity in the United States remains high. A tax on sugar-sweetened beverages such as sodas, energy drinks, sweet teas, and sports drinks would reduce obesity in adolescents more than other policies, such as exercise or an advertising ban, and would also generate significant revenue for additional obesity prevention activities, say researchers writing in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. The study also demonstrated that physical activity would benefit children ages 6-12 most.

Dyslexic Readers Have Disrupted Network Connections in the Brain

A new study in Biological Psychiatry maps the circuitry of dyslexia
Press Release

Philadelphia, PA, August 28, 2014 /3BL Media/ – Dyslexia, the most commonly diagnosed learning disability in the United States, is a neurological reading disability that occurs when the regions of the brain that process written language don’t function normally.

Pages

Subscribe to Elsevier